UK Steroid Law Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs IPEDs

UK Steroid Law Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs IPEDs

Anabolic steroids are made naturally in the body to control testosterone production. They generally increase body mass, and are often taken by bodybuilders and athletes to boost their performance or appearance. They are much more commonly abused as a result, but they can be prescribed when the individual doesn’t produce enough hormones naturally.

  • Steroids taken for a long time can also cause your muscles to become weaker, and they might occasionally affect periods in women.
  • Getting the right legal advice and support as soon as possible can make all the difference when facing these types of serious criminal charges.
  • Professor Baker has published over 430 articles in peer reviewed journals.
  • If you notice significant changes in someone’s behaviour, this may be a sign.
  • They stop symptoms from getting worse and lower your risk of having another asthma attack.

Anticoagulant medicines are medications that make the blood less sticky. They’re often prescribed to people with a history of blood clots or an increased risk of developing them. There aren’t usually any severe side effects if you take steroid injections, a steroid inhaler, or a short course of steroid tablets. However, prolonged treatment at high doses can cause problems in some people.

What are steroids?

Use of performance enhancing drugs has been going on ever since the Olympic Games of ancient Greece. Anabolic steroids were first used by athletes in the mid 1950s and by the 1960s their use was widespread. Marie Claire Van Hout is Professor of Public Health Policy and Practice at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom.

  • Prior to joining the University of Birmingham, Martin was a Researcher in Human Enhancement Drugs, based at Liverpool John Moores University and has been studying the use of Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs (IPEDs) for 14 years.
  • Treatment for an addiction to anabolic steroids will be similar to that of other types of addiction.
  • Although these tests may be indicative of the side effects, a normal blood test may not always necessarily mean you are safe and clear of health issues.

Our team is available to advise and represent clients across England and Wales round the clock, so you can always access our expertise whenever and wherever you need us. Honor Townshend is a PhD student within the Criminology department at the University of Hertfordshire. She holds a BA (Hons) in Criminology (Birmingham City University) and an MSc in Criminology & Criminal Justice (City, University of London).

Side-effects and risks

I have worked in the drugs field since 1995 when I was a syringe exchange officer for the Maryland Centre in Liverpool city centre for 3 years, working with people injecting both psychoactive drugs and IPEDs. Nick Gibbs is a PhD researcher at Northumbria University, having completed price steroids his undergraduate and Masters degree in Criminology at Birmingham City University. His research concerns the consumption and supply of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) and the intersection of social media, contemporary gym culture and late-capitalist subjectivity.


In women, it can cause loss of breasts, growth of facial and body hair, deepening of the voice and hair loss. In either case, abuse generally results in a worse appearance overall, which presents unique issues during steroid detox. There are also serious physical risks to long-term use such as blood clots, high blood pressure, fluid retention and kidney or liver tumours.

University of

These are more likely if you’re on a high dose or if you’re taking steroids for a long time. Steroids might affect some medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart or blood pressure problems, or mental health issues. If you have any of these conditions, the person treating you will need to make sure the steroids aren’t making the condition worse. Corticosteroids have their own side effects, including difficulty sleeping, mood changes, and weight gain.

If you take your steroid preventer inhaler every day as prescribed, your airways will be less inflamed, and you’ll be less likely to react to your asthma triggers and have symptoms or an asthma attack. For new medicines, the manufacturer then has to recruit children and newborns into trials (unless the medicine is not going to be used in children and newborns) and subsequently amend the PIL with the approved information. Older medicines may have been used effectively for many years in children without problems but the manufacturer has not been required to collect data and amend the licence.

There is a lot of misinformation around steroid use, and various methods of using steroids that are supposed to help reduce the side effects. But no research supports that the way you take anabolic steroids can limit the side effects. If you’ve taken steroid tablets for more than a few days, they can cause side effects known as withdrawal symptoms if you stop suddenly.

Liverpool John Moores

They might refer you to a specialist addiction service or a trained drugs counsellor. These services will also be able to help with advice on weaning yourself off the steroids. Anabolic steroids are known to make users feel aggressive, paranoid and this can result in violence.